George Nakashima United States, 1905-1990


George Nakashima (b. 1905, Spokane, Washington; d. 1990, New Hope, Pennsylvania) was a twentieth-century furniture designer, architect, and member of the American Craft movement. After earning a degree in Architecture from the University of Washington in 1929, Nakashima pursued graduate studies at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and École Américaine des Beaux Arts, in Fontainebleau, France. In 1934, he moved to Tokyo to work at legendary architect Antonin Raymond’s firm, known for their synthesis of Western engineering practices with Japanese formal design. Nakashima returned to the United States in 1941, where he began his career as a furniture designer. The following year, he and his family were forced into a World War II internment camp in Idaho, where they remained until 1943. Having emerged from this tragedy in triumph, Nakashima opened his own workshop in 1945 in New Hope, Pennsylvania, expanding the property over the rest of his life. A champion of historical methods of craftsmanship, Nakashima celebrated the distinctive qualities of a design achieved by the individual artisan or material used in its production. Wood—a medium he considered to be living—and the unique grain of each tree, were of particular significance to the designer. In 1983, Nakashima published his book, The Soul of a Tree, which explores his oeuvre, life, and aesthetic philosophy.