Jean-Michel Basquiat (b. 1960, Brooklyn, New York; d. 1988, New York, New York) came out of New York’s vibrant downtown scene of the late 1970s to become one of the most influential and internationally renowned artists of the late 20th century. His street art and Neo-Expressionist works on canvas and paper as well as on random objects and surfaces are characterized by visually striking and psychologically powerful combinations of anatomical diagrams, charged words and cryptic phrases, numerals, pictograms, commercial graphic art, allusions to African history and African-American pop culture, as well as stick figures and maps.
Born of Afro-Caribbean parents, Basquiat was exposed to art by his mother and some of his teachers but received no formal art education. After dropping out of high school and leaving home in 1976, he attracted attention with the enigmatic graffiti he created under the name SAMO, befriending artists and downtown luminaries and beginning to paint and draw with more focused effort. A first public group show in a vacant Times Square building in June 1980 eventually led to his first solo exhibition in 1982. Success among the contemporary art-loving public was immediate, while critics both lauded Basquiat as a genius and derided him as a product of the newly booming market. In the mid-1980s, the artist collaborated on several works with one of the most famous artists of the time, Andy Warhol. The influence of Basquiat’s complex aesthetic on subsequent generations of artist remains incalculable. His works can be found in museum collections around the world including The Broad, Los Angeles; Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona; and The Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburgh.