Alexej von Jawlensky Russia, 1864-1941
Alexej von Jawlensky (b. 1864, Torzhok, Russia; d. 1941, Wiesbaden, Germany) was a leading proponent of German Expressionism in the early twentieth century. He studied painting with the Russian realist painter Ilya Repin in St. Petersburg and eventually moved to Munich, where he befriended the fellow Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky. During his travels to France, he became deeply influenced by the heightened color seen in the paintings by Henri Matisse and the Fauves as well as the works of Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, and Vincent van Gogh. In 1909, Jawlensky, Kandinsky, and others formed the Neue Künstlervereinigung München, an artists’ association. He closely associated with Paul Klee, August Macke, Franz Marc and other members of Der Blaue Reiter. Jawlensky relocated to Wiesbaden in southern Germany in 1921, where he lived and worked until his death in 1941.